Romanian Review of Social Sciences

Universitatea Nicolae Titulescu

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WZB – Social Science Research Center (Berlin)

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ISSN

2284 - 547X

ISSN-L

2284 - 547X

EDITOR

Dan Velicu
Nicolae Titulescu University

REDRESS AND CRIMINAL DEVIANCE IN USE OF DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES IN ROMANIA

RRSS 2018 No. 15 - Romanian Review of Social Sciences

  1. Authors:
      • Bogdan MARINESCU

  2. Keywords: Drug redress, criminal deviance, drugs, drug relapse, drugs risk.

  3. Abstract:
    In Romania, the approach to assistance to drug users had an incoherent evolution that ranged from a medical approach to drug-intensive psychiatric drug use since the 1990s, focusing on detox services and only exceptionally on methadone substitution, to a system integrated assistance.
    Accordingly,"until 1999, the addicted persons had many relapses/relapses due to the lack of all therapeutic treatments (eg socio-vocational center and therapeutic communities) and the fact that, following diagnosis, consumers were not entitled to assistance free medical service".
    In 2000, the first strategic response from the Ministry of Health emerged to meet the needs of assistance in this field, namely the National Health Program of the Ministry of Health (Program 8), which led to the development of pilot sections for treatment within some psychiatric hospitals, and a first methadone maintenance center. Thus, in addition to the medical perspective, the development of the principles of harm reduction is envisaged. The lack of a complete therapy unit leads to a large number of relapses, and the recovery of patients is often impossible. Starting with 2004, the system of integrated medical, psychological and social assistance of drug users was established. By GD no. 1093/2004, the 47 Drug Counseling and Prevention Evaluation Centers (6 in Bucharest and one in each county) became territorial structures of ANA (National Antidrug Agency)2 and, since 2005, according to the standards of the National System of Medical, Psychological and Social Assistance to Consumers drugs3, coordination of consumer assistance and general management of each case across different services.

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