Romanian Review of Social Sciences

Universitatea Nicolae Titulescu

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GetInfo - German National Library of Science and Technology

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WZB – Social Science Research Center (Berlin)

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New Jour Catalog (Georgetown Library)

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rrss@univnt.ro

ISSN

2284 - 547X

ISSN-L

2284 - 547X

EDITOR

Dan Velicu
Nicolae Titulescu University

ROMANIAN PEASANTRY AND BULGARIAN AGRARIANISM IN THE INTERWAR PERIOD: BENCHMARKS FOR A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

RRSS 2014 No. 6 - Romanian Review of Social Sciences

  1. Authors:
      • Cornel POPESCU, George Daniel UNGUREANU

  2. Keywords: general framework, program, elections, legislative measures, external relations

  3. Abstract:
    This articleis a comparative study that attempts to highlight the similarities and differences between Bulgarian agrarianism and Romanian peasants during the Interwar period, the Second World War and period of transition towards the Leninist-Stalinist totalitarian regimes. The objectives of our approach are integrated within the boundaries of the main research directions and concrete levels, namely: the general context from the two countries, early agrarian/peasants’ movements, the political program, election results, the promotion of certain legislative measures, and the relationship with other political and institutional entities. Without trying to offer an exhaustive view or reveal new aspects in the strict sense of the term, our contribution confronts, in a coherent whole, a series of data and information on the basis of which one couldmake value judgments. These judgments might help to shape a global, comparative image. Among the main sources of the article we included the monographic works signed by Ioan Scurtu, Pamfil Şeicaru, Apostol Stan, Dimitrina Petrova, John D. Bell, R.J. Crampton, supplemented by data from several other publications (encyclopedias, syntheses etc.).
    \r\nOne can identifyseveral distinct stages within the period under review (1918-1947).
    \r\nThe broad picture is thatthe Bulgarian agrarian group was more popular and better organized than its Romanian counterpart, but more inclined towards Leftism and authoritarianism, which led to its political isolation in 1923 and subsequent fragmentation, whilst the Romanian peasants’ movement managed, after 1924, to remain at the forefront of the political scene, showing an interest for dialogue and sometimes for compromise, first with The National Party, then with the authoritarian monarchy, but also with the Antonescu regime and, to a lesser extent, with the communist regime.

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